15 Bible verses about False Accusations
As fire when thrown into water is cooled down and put out, so also a false accusation when brought against a man of the purest and holiest character, boils over and is at once dissipated, and vanishes and threats of heaven and sea, himself standing unmoved. If you are being accused of cheating when innocent, figure out a calm way of getting your point across. You are not cheating, you are letting them have their way to prove it. You love and care about them and your relationship together. But someday, you are going to put your foot down and that will be the end of it. Elizabeth is forced in the middle of Act 3 to testify in court about her husband’s involvement with Abigail.
The question before this Full Bench is whether, in such a situation, the Court Is bound to reject the plea of the exception, or whether it still remains open to it, on looking at the evidence as a whole (including the evidence of self-defence) to give to the accused the benefit of any rea-sonable doubt that remains whether the act may not have been committed in self-defence.” “The burden of establishing that plea is on the accused and that burden can be discharged by showing preponderance of probabilities in favour of that plea on the basis of the material on record.” “There is nothing in the language of Section 105 to warrant the conclusion that the law intended such a result and for that purpose enacted Section 105, Evidence Act, in order to curtail the fundamental right of the accused to claim an acquittal if there is any reasonable doubt about his guilt.” According to Section 3 of the Evidence Act, a fact is said to be proved when, after considering the matters before it, the Court believes it to exist, or considers its existence so probable that a prudent man ought, under the circumstances of the particular case, to act upon the supposition that it exists. It will be seen that a fact may be said to be proved under one of the two possible situations.
For example, in AIR 1960 SC 7 the character of a presumption of guilt under Section 5 of the Prevention of Corruption Act from proof of certain facts, “unless the contrary is proved”, was considered. These are cases of presumptions of guilt or of true statutory exceptions to the principle of a full burden of proof upon the prosecution. The next point for consideration is to what extent the above rule laid down by the Supreme Court in case in which the benefit of Sections 80 and 84, I.P.C. is claimed, can be applied to cases in which the accused claims the benefit of other Exceptions, all the more, where a plea of private defence has been raised.
The prosecution has to prove its case beyond reasonable doubt, but in determining whether the accused has been successful in discharging the onus, the Court shall look into the preponderance of probabilities in the same manner as in a civil proceeding. In other words, the Court shall have to see whether a prudent man would, in the circumstances of the case, act on the supposition that the case falls within the exception or proviso as pleaded by the accused. When an accused person acts in the exercise of the right of private defence, what is meant is that even though armed he had no prior intention to commit an offence and whatever he did was in the exercise of the rights given to him under the law. His act would thus not be illegal and, in the eye of law, the act cannot be deemed to have been done with a criminal or guilty intention or knowledge which is invariably the most important ingredient of a criminal offence.
The reason of acquittal will be, not proof of the exception but failure of the prosecution to prove a necessary ingredient of the offence. “It is sufficient if the accused person succeeds in proving a preponderance of probability in favour of his case. It is not necessary for the accused person to prove his case beyond a reasonable doubt or in default to incur a verdict of guilty. The onus of proof lying upon the accused person is to prove his case by a preponderance of probability.” “When a person is accused of any offence, the burden of proving the existence of circumstances bringing the case within any of the General Exceptions in the Indian Penal Code, or within any special exception or proviso contained in any other part of the same Code, or in any law defining the offence, is upon him, and the Court shall presume the absence of such circumstances.”
The position indicated above is the combined effect of Chapter IV of the Indian Penal Code, Section 3 of the Evidence Act and Section 105 of the Evidence Act. If it is considered that the present legal position is unsatisfactory, it is open to Parliament and State Legislatures to make the necessary amendments in the Indian Penal Code and the Indian Evidence Act. This passage shows that for purposes of Section 105.
It is an absurd law but also extremely dangerous because it gives fanatics, whether they are Hindus, Catholics or Muslims, a licence to be offended. It also allows people who are in dispute with you to make up false accusations of blasphemy. Neither let us be slandered from our duty by false accusations against us, nor frightened from it by menaces of destruction … Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it. This statement of the law in England seems to me to be applicable with equal force in this country with this difference that instead of the jury Courts generally decide questions of fact also here, and the plea of insanity and other exceptions seem to stand on the same footing when the ingredients of an offence overlap and conflict with those of the exceptions. Is merely a device to avoid quoting lengthy exceptions in description of offences.
False accusations of theft, bribery, black magic, fornication, breach of trust, and murder have destroyed the peace of our domestic, business and office life. Geese are friends to no one, they bad mouth everybody and everything. But they are companionable once you get used to their ingratitude and false accusations. Envy wounds with false accusations, that is with detraction, a thing which scares virtue.
You have the power to stop rumors from spreading even if you weren’t the one who started it. If you’re enjoying these quotes, make sure to read our collection of fake friends quotes to help you deal with deceptive people. If you love one strategy factory owners used to increase profits involved this quote collection, read out our most popular quote article about short inspirational quotes for daily motivation. Even if you’re not the one who started the rumor, it’s important to always tell the truth and state the facts.