The values represent the track size, and the space between them represents the grid line. The space between two adjacent row and two adjacent column grid lines. Here’s the grid cell between row grid lines 1 and 2, and column grid lines 2 and 3. A grid area may be composed of any number of grid cells.

In this example, a grid item is positioned and layered on top using implicit grid line names from the defined grid-template-areas. Assign names to grid lines when defining your grid with the grid-template-rows and grid-template-columns properties. Grid gaps are only created in between columns and rows, and not along the edge of the grid container 🙌 .

We can also create the same grid layout by using the shorthand grid-area property. When the value of the align-items property is set to start, this places the items to the vertical start of their corresponding grid area while setting it to end places them at the end. When the value is stretch, the items are spread out across the grid area.

Defines a grid template by referencing the names of the grid areas which are specified with thegrid-areaproperty. Repeating the name of a grid area causes the content to span those cells. The syntax itself provides a visualization of the structure of the grid. Defines the columns and rows of the grid with a space-separated list of values.

The remaining space is distributed where the space between the columns are equal to the space at the start and end of the row track. Grid tracks can be aligned relative to the grid container along the row and column axes. Named grid areas will implicitly name the grid lines along the edges of the area. Those yoga vane grid lines will be named based on the area name and suffixed with -start or -end. Implicitly named grid lines work in reverse to implicitly named grid areas—naming grid areas implicitly assigns names to grid lines. The grid-row and grid-column shorthand properties can also reference grid area names.

Or the keyword span together with either a or an or both. This textbox defaults to using Markdown to format your answer. While we believe that this content benefits our community, we have not yet thoroughly reviewed it. If you have any suggestions for improvements, please let us know by clicking the “report an issue“ button at the bottom of the tutorial.

When creating CSS grids, it’s common to position items on the grid based on column and row lines. The example below is a simple grid with three columns and two rows. It contains six items, none of which span multiple grid tracks. Implicit tracks get created when there are more grid items than cells in the grid or when a grid item is placed outside of the explicit grid.

Below is the CSS that defines the placement of the four grid items. Notice that the shorthand grid-column and grid-row properties are being used and that most instances only have one value defined. That’s because you only need to define the start and end values for the grid items that you want to span multiple tracks.

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